Tuesday, January 21, 2020

Julius Caesar: Marcus Brutus Mistakes :: Julius Caesar Essays

Julius Caesar: Brutus' Mistakes The theme I picked for Julius Caesar essay is the mistakes made by Brutus. According to Mr. Holtz Brutus was stupid and many mistakes. The first one was him even joining the Conspirators. The second was letting Anthony live and speak at the funeral. The final mistake was his battle plan. Every one does make mistakes sometimes, but mistakes Brutus made where plainly stupid. I feel the first mistake was Brutus joining the conspirators in the first place. His mine was easily manipulated by the conspirators. They gave him the justification he needed to kill Caesar, which was â€Å"its Good of Rome.† The assumption was that Caesar would eventually take the crown, which would never less destroyed Rome according to Brutus thoughts. By making this assumption and joining the other conspirators he set him self up for many problems for him and for Rome. This was one of the fatal mistakes made by Brutus. Brutus actually made two mistakes with Mark Antony. The first was letting Mark Antony live and the second was letting him speak alone at the funeral. When Cassius first suggested that they should kill Mark Antony, which they should of, but the noble Brutus said â€Å"Our course will seem to bloody.† That was not his only mistake with Mark Antony he also let him speak at Caesar funeral. He was warned by Cassius, but Brutus ignored him as usual. When Mark Antony spoke he got crowd on his side and they killed all the conspirators except for Brutus and Cassius (they excepted the angry mob and left Rome). This was some more trouble that was caused by Brutus. In the war Brutus makes another dumb decision. He wanted to go into Rome and take it over, but Cassius wanted them to wait for the army to come. Of course they follow Brutus decision and they are defeated. This was yet another bad decision by Brutus. This final decision he lost his life. I wonder some time who is worst Brutus stupidness or Cassius ignorance.

Sunday, January 12, 2020

Current debate on good governance and civil debate

IntroductionNon-government organizations are organizations that are not controlled by government and are non profit making. Their purpose is to provide a service or object in which they are formed for they offer social welfare services to workers and communities in which they operate they play a major role in the society because they determine family structures, family relation and also the education system that would produce effective man power for them and others. NGO, s has control over political power nationality and even power over borders. (Steve. Witt. (2005)They also contribute to the needs of the poor, deals with issues of the religion in a given area and hence impact heavily on the attitude and values that a given community adapts to. NGO, s helps in the contribution of the humanitarian affairs that serve the communities interests. NGO, s also deals with national and multilateral policy making and even local actions, .NGO, s provides employment to the citizens and assist in matters of dividing international authority, help to research, assess, report and publicize details on behalf of those accountable to them. (K.Rodman, (1998). They also deal with stability and security issues. Most non-government doesn’t depend heavily on the government for funding but the government may assist them partially with funds. They thus do not involve government representative within their organization and they also don't involve them in their decision making process. â™ «AREAS OF INEFFECTIVENESS, UNACCOUTABILITY AND   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   ELITIST NATURE OF NGO, SNon-governmental organizations are supposed to be effective on their objectives and also accountable to those they serve. However, this non government organization have increasingly failed by being unaccountable to those they are supposed to work for, they have continually been ineffective in their performance and they have adapted to elitist nature whereby they segregate themselves from others and only work for their own selfish interest and for the interest of those whose status they consider important to their affairs and has influential power that makes them be treated preferentially this attitude can be termed as a mechanism of elite capture. (Steve. Witt. (2005) â™ «The ineffectiveness, the unaccountability and the elitist nature of NGO, s is evident among much renowned organization and this can be seen to be true when one assesses their performance with regard to the current debate on good governance and civil society. (K.Rodman, (1998).Roles of good governanceThe current debate on good governance and civil society emphasizes on peace building, democratization, quality leadership, responsibility and proper civil institutions. NGO, s should assist in helping in peace building in countries in which they are situated, they should be involved in the resolving existing issues in the country for example by  Ã‚   helping to find solutions to a countries conflic ting issues when they arise, mediating disputing groups when there are ethnic tensions caused by political instability, coming up with measures that will reduce tribalism, nepotism and corruption, help in recovering the economy when the country is experiencing economic depression, assisting the needy   in their surrounding environment for example when natural disaster arise such as flood, earthquake ,terrorist attacks among others,Stabilizing political turmoil being experienced in that particular country and many other issues. (K.Rodman, (1998).   However, the current non-government organization do not engage themselves with this issues on the contrary instead of doing this, the NGO, s have left this in the ruin of government and civil societies. Non-governmental organizations have also in some instances contributed to peace downfall by supporting one side of the worrying groups rather than being neutral.They tend to favor that group that have influential power and assumes those who are less powerful. This has made them to be unaccountable and untrustworthy and cannot be depended upon by both the government and the members of the societies who would have otherwise depended on them. The management allows political influences when making decisions which imposes a negative impact to all the organization stakeholders and employees who oppose the decision on the basis that they are not consulted and. this causes conflicts, lots of job turn over, redundancy and withdrawal and this leads to job inefficiency. (K.Rodman, (1998).They have been ineffective with regards to matters of enhancing democratization. This is because they have indulged in politics funding complains and supporting certain politicians who have influence upon them and this has contributed heavily in the reduction of democracy as they do not play their role as pressure group to pressurize the government to observe democracy.Non governmental organization have also been ineffective to help in matte rs of maturation of nation’s policy and economy other than participating in development and transformations, this organizations involve in the achievement of their own interest that is; what will benefit them other than what will be beneficial to all who are accountable to them, they pursue their own goals without incorporating the objectives of government and civil societies and this leads to lack of goals commonality hence retarding the government policies such as poverty and illiteracy eradication.LeadershipLeadership and quality management are important for any country or institution to have good governance. Non governmental organization are poorly managed because of lack of qualified staff because the recruitment of workforce is based not on technical competence and merit, but on favoritism and thus the management have no proper management skills, the employees under such management thus work with a lot of skepticism and heavy opposition and most of them resist changes a nd all the rules that the management enforces and this leads to difficulties in implementation of proper practices, policies and procedures that are fundamental in developing strategies that ensures that organizations objectives are met. (K.Rodman, (1998).This also has led to poor selection of policies and allocation of resources. The leadership style in current non-governmental organization is that of authoritative and bureaucratic which ignores human elements due to impersonality of interpersonal relations. This style of leadership imposes rules, norms and procedures to be followed. The leaders make decisions and demands everyone to follow, they do not allow the other members of staff to be involved when making decisions and they harshly react when the rules they enforces are not properly followed this causes slow development, work delays, inefficiency and frustrations to citizens, employees and any other stakeholders and this reduces the effectiveness of NGO, s as a whole. (Carri e Meyer, (1999),Corruption eradication is a key issue in good governance especially in Africa. . NGO, s are faced with issues of corruption where they demands bribery to assist in matters they were supposed to deliver to the citizens without demanding any form of payment and this makes them unaccountable to those who rightfully depended on their services. (sH.Englund, (2004) There’s also a lot of misappropriation of funds and lack of proper fund management.This causes inadequate funding leading to shortage of resources to implement their policies and this can also eventually lead to the liquidation of the organization. When organization funds are mismanaged it causes serious implications, which makes the organization unaccountable and inefficient, which leads them to a step back to transparency and accountability. This vice has passed on to civil societies and government at large.Environmental issues  NGO, s engages in activities that are harmful to the surrounding environm ent. This is by social unethical and unaccountable activities. For example, they may engage in activities that involves emissions of exhaustive gases that pollute the environment or even have technological machinery that produce disturbing noises around the environment they are situated in. They often do not take   proper measures and responsibility   to eradicate this implication arguing that since they are a non profit making organizations, members of the communities should take care of their environment and the fact that they are in needs of the organizations   services   they should allow them to deliver them respectfully without dealing with environmental issues. This causes negative impacts to the community and it has hampered the life of the society and animals especially where there is water and air pollution. They can be termed as negligence of the virtue of accountability to the society.( K.Rodman, (1998).NGO, s has turned into a mechanism of elite capture. They te nd to involve only the elite in formulation of their policies. (H.Englund, (2004) There is lack of representation of civil society as a whole and the marginalized social movements are sidelined. Regional consultative of African non-governmental organizations, s and civil society organization lay foundation for the governance forum stressed on role of women in leadership. It has been observed that there is evident gender inequality within these organizations. Few non government organizations in Africa have observed this as few women are employed or hold decision making positions in management of NGO, s. the elites in NGO, s have various skills that they can utilize in government running but they are trapped in the NGO, s. in addition, instead of involving the locals to do various jobs they subcontract them. (Carrie Meyer, (1999),NGO, s has been ineffective because of selective area of operations. They concentrate in certain areas than the others. This makes those sidelined areas not to enjoy their operations. The NGO, s may not operate in certain areas that have poor infrastructure, lack of effective communications and lack of technology. This has led to unequal distribution of resources. The NGO, s have not helped in establishment of proper running civil institutions and instead they leave this role to the governmentConclusionIn order to ensures that non-governmental organizations work effectively and successfully there is need to ensure that there is interactions of workers, formal and informal groups, government itself and any other influential factors to the organization. Democratic involvement by this organization should be considered as it is equally and critically important in enhancing the effectiveness of this organization. (Carrie Meyer, (1999),   They should be committed to implement their services to all interested stakeholders successfully. They should also avoid favoritism and avoid authoritative leadership and adapt to other ways of leading tha t will bring about motivation and morale of workers in the organization. Non governmental organizations should also ensure that they take responsibility and take the necessary actions required of them when their activities imposes harm to the surrounding environment. (Steve. Witt. (2005) They should also ensure that all non-governmental organizations are effective, efficient and accountable and are not expressed as mechanism of elitist capture. References:l Steve. Witt. (2005). Changing roles of NGO, s in the creation.l Sangeeta Kamat. (2002), development hegemony, American university pressl Carrie Meyer, (1999), The economics and politics of NGO, s in Latin American; praeger publisher.l Maha abreirahman, (2004), the politics of NGO, s in Egypt; the American university press 5H.Teegen(2003) international NGO, s as global institution; Journals of international managementl K.Rodman, (1998). Think globally; vol 12l Daniel .a. Bell and Jean Marc (2004) university pressl H.Englund, (2004 ), prisoners of freedom; human rights and Africa poor.l S, Goonahlak, (2006). Journal, foreign fundedl Lyal.s.Sunga, (2003), NGO, s involvement in international human rights monitoring

Saturday, January 4, 2020

The Bourgeoisie Essay - 1503 Words

Karl Marx describes â€Å"Society as a whole [as being] more and more [split] up into two great hostile camps, into two great classes directly facing each other-bourgeoisie and proletariat† (Marx 124). As Marx made his distinction between upper class, bourgeoisie, and lower class, proletariats, it is important to keep in mind the societal structure at the time. To understand how classes were created and the disparity between the rich and poor, or, bourgeoisie and proletariat, it is necessary to examine how people came to be rich and poor. Exploring a time before money existed will help us to process and understand reasons why the binary between rich and poor exists and how it is reflective of low and high art distinctions.†¦show more content†¦With the commodification of natural resources, there becomes a dependency between those who control the resources and all those who need to use them. At this stage of society people are no longer self-sufficient, but rely up on the network of society to provide food, shelter and jobs (Rousseau). At this level of society, the founders most often control the resources and begin to live in excess compared to the rest of the populace. Rousseau’s final stage 4) is the state of war, which is triggered when the rich deceive the poor, and the poor begin to rebel. This state of war is rooted in the transition from a free, independent mode of living to a regulated lifestyle within the constraints of society. Someone has to establish any society and as a result, those who establish society through control of the natural resources will monopolize power (Rousseau). As we see, art does not arrive until all physiological needs or the basic needs are met as is evident by the happy savage stage. Art arrives with the improvement of manual labor and hunter-gatherer techniques in the division of labor. The division of labor in turn creates divisions within society, and we can see that evidence in the French colonial enslavement of native peoples and African slave trade throughout history. The rich and poor binary canShow MoreRelatedThe Power Of The Bourgeoisie1664 Words   |  7 Pages In reaction to the power the bourgeoisie have over the proletariat, the narrator uses her defense mechanism of acting out to get power over herself back. Acting out involves preforming external actions that mirror how one is internally feeling. This can be seen when the narrator breaks a rule in the manual, and seeks affection from her window friend in the male shelter. As she states, â€Å"Tonight, his light isn’t on and so we don’t wave, but still, I undress in front of my lit window. I can’t knowRead MoreThe Communist Manifesto On The Bourgeoisie And The Proletariats1762 Words   |  8 Pageson the bourgeoisie and the proletariats. Throughout the text Marx focuses on the divide between the two classes, and the impact it had on society. Marx â€Å"the history all hitherto exi sting society is the history of class struggles.† Before the bourgeoisie rose to power, Feudal society was the dominant social system in which the upper class provided land and protection for the working class. Eventually the feudal society could not keep up with the growing demand of the market and the bourgeoisie aroseRead More Impact of the Bourgeoisie on Exploration During the Age of Discovery2315 Words   |  10 PagesImpact of the Bourgeoisie on Exploration During the Age of Discovery Thesis: Most people believe that The Age of Discovery was the product of a handful of adventurous explorers. They were an important part of this Age, but theirs was not the main motivation. I believe however, that the Bourgeoisie provided the impetus of this Age. The Bourgeoisie, a social class most distinct from the rest, remains one of the most influential economic leaders throughout Europe during the Age of DiscoveryRead MoreKarl Marx s Philosophy On The Development Of The Bourgeoisie967 Words   |  4 Pagesabout Marx’s take on the development of the bourgeoisie (the upper class), the proletariat (the lower class) and capitalism. Marx believes the bourgeoisie came out of the middle ages. He claims they were once the lower class. During the middle ages, the ruling class consisted of kings and queens, the feudal class. Following the Hegelian dialect, the normal people will get fed up of those more powerful, leading to internal contradictions. The bourgeoisie took charge of trade, as the traded the wayRead More Proletariat vs. Bourgeoisie in Karl Marxs The Communist Manifesto1065 Words   |  5 PagesProletariat vs. Bourgeoisie in Karl Marxs The Communist Manifesto In The Communist Manifesto, Karl Marx and Fredrick Engels attempt to explain the reasons for why there is class struggle and suggest how to prevent class separation. According to Marx there are two different types of social classes: the bourgeoisies and the proletarians. The bourgeoisie are capitalists who own the means of production and the proletarians are the working classes who are employed by the bourgeoisiesRead MoreThe Causes And Consequences Of Class Conflict Between The Bourgeoisie And The Proletariat1422 Words   |  6 Pagesbetween the bourgeoisie and the proletariat. The Bourgeoisie represented the members of a higher society which held onto the majority of the wealth and means also known as the owners of the means of production and the capitalists. While the proletariat class was constructed by individuals who belong to the working class or the poor. Focusing on the economic, social, and political implications of the rise of capitalism in Europe. With the r ise of capitalism, it was theorized that the bourgeoisie, a minorityRead More The Role of Autonomy and Responsibility Held by the Bourgeoisie during the Industrial Revolution1550 Words   |  7 PagesThe Role of Autonomy and Responsibility Held by the Bourgeoisie during the Industrial Revolution During the Industrial Revolution the population was broken up into two classes; the minority was the rich, industrial middle class, the bourgeoisie, and the majority was the poor working class, the proletariat. The bourgeoisie believed in their rights to gain wealth and preserve individuality and in their duty to maintain these rights, which in turn determined the harsh laboring and livingRead MoreBourgeoisie And Industrialism1154 Words   |  5 Pagesthe early years of industrialization. Both images portray a glorified view of the Bourgeoisie, who were owners of the means of production, and the Proletariat, members of the working class. These two social classes propelled the Industrial Revolution in Europe. The two images titled Orphaned Girls and Boys in a Welfare Institution, present an idealized situation of the Industrial Revolution and argue that the Bourgeoisie depended on the labor of the Proletariat for economic prosperity and survival.Read MoreThe Siege Mentality Of The Bourgeoisie1494 Words   |  6 PagesThomas G. Pelham III IB World Literature Dr. Smith 20 May 2015 The Siege Mentality of the Bourgeoisie in Ibsen’s A Doll House By the time of Ibsen’s A Doll House (1879) the bourgeoisie was firmly established as the dominant class in Europe. To legitimize their power capitalists defined themselves against other classes, claiming they possessed inherent qualities justifying their position. A rigid moral system and social code reinforced class stratification. These structures also enforced conformityRead MoreMarx and the Bourgeoisie Essay1908 Words   |  8 Pagesessay I plan to analyze the claim by Karl Marx that the bourgeoisie class produces its own gravediggers. I will first present a definition of the bourgeoisie and the proletariat classes along with what Marx means by his claim. After discussing Marxs claim and his support I will assert that his claim is false and was based on a false assumption. I will argue that Marx does not allow the possibility of an adaptation on behalf of the bourgeoisie. Furthermore, that Marx contradicts his claim with his

Friday, December 27, 2019

Essential Attributes in Nursing - 1220 Words

Nursing is developed gradually over the last 1800 years. Today’s demand for skilled nurses is significantly increases for educated nurses. Nurses is the first provider of health care, which delivers a high quality of care, safe environment, person-centred and focuses on the care of individuals, families and communities. In a nursing good workplace citizenship needs an understanding and maintaining a good relationship between patients and health professional to deliver quality health care and services. In the context of nursing, communication, teamwork and social responsibility is the main graduates attributes that are essential in workplace citizenship because it promotes a healthy relationship between health professionals, patients and†¦show more content†¦In nursing profession nurses have to work together with patients, families, doctors, and health professional to foster health promotion and focuses on diseases prevention. Effective teamwork helps to reduce the wor kload and safe time. Nurses play a main role in hospital to provide the information about the patients that the rest of the team relies on the nurses. For instance: patient with fracture leg have to go to emergency department first and second nurses will take over and pass the information to the doctor and X-ray member help to find out the problems. In hospital this is ongoing process with different skills work between team members to provide a quality care to patients. In the nursing mutual respect, holistic approach, and interprofessional teamwork is successful for patients, families and health professional. The main successes for the teamwork are sharing knowledge, information, and sharing experience with team, which encouraged the staff to focus on the positive role and valuing the contribution of individual team member (Scott et al, 2010). For instance: a nurse who works in team in their shift has less stress and deliver high quality care to patient. As well as it is important to know the role of each nurse and tasks, which helps the staff to motivate, problem solving and works openly within the team (Reeves et al, 2010). Therefore, in nursing profession to provide effective and efficiency care to patient’sShow MoreRelatedLeadership And The Graduate Nurse Role1144 Words   |  5 PagesSouth University â€Æ' Leadership and the Graduate Nursing Role Leadership is a core competency in the field of advanced practice nursing (Hamric, Hanson, Tracy, O’Grady, 2014). Graduate level nurses exercise leadership across four major spheres including nursing profession, clinical practice environments, health policy, and at the system level. This paper provides and analysis of the author’s leadership style and attributes, a description of the attributes of leadership pertaining to graduate level nursesRead MoreBecoming a Nurse or Midwife Essay1050 Words   |  5 PagesQuestion # 1 What attributes are important for a registered nurse to have and why are they important? A Registered nurse is strongly committed to provide meticulous optimum care to the client. Every nurse has to have the attitude of caring, patience and dedication. Being autonomous in nursing is very important while making decisions and practice and which can be obtained by continual education. According to Potter and Perry (eds 2009), Accountability refers to responsibility of the nurseRead MoreThe Fundamental Concept Of Trust1487 Words   |  6 Pages Since the introduction of concept analysis by Walker and Avant, theorists have stated its importance to nursing theory (Reed Crawford Shearer, 2012, p. 274). Trust is an essential concept in nursing, and has gained its importance both clinically and organizationally (McCabe Sambrook, 2014, p. 816). Trust it is an important feature of the nurse-patient relationship and is based on a dynamic process (McCabe Sambrook, 2014, p. 816). Structurally, trust is associated with various outcomes andRead MoreThe Attributes of a Registered Nurse807 Words   |  3 PagesQuestion 1: What attributes are important for a registered nurse to have, and why are they important? According to Mason, Isaacs and Colby (2011, p. 11), provision of care in the field of nursing requires comprehensive nursing expertise, critical thinking, sound clinical judgement and a holistic overview of health. Registered nurses need to possess a combination of key attributes when providing care, because these attributes play a significant role in enhancing positive outcomes, not only for theRead MoreCaring Paper Ns 3001484 Words   |  6 PagesCaring Attributes in Nursing Kristen M. Brandner University of Alaska Anchorage Caring Attributes in Nursing My mother was my caretaker after I had knee surgery. She showed me how compassionate caring can be huge in helping me recover quickly and safely. Caring has many attributes, but two that I experienced were compassion and trust. Caring is the foundation of Nursing. It is what the profession is built upon and the University of Alaska Anchorage (UAA) School of Nursing (SON) encompassesRead MoreThis Paper Aimed To Explore The Concept Of Sustainability738 Words   |  3 Pagessustainability of nursing innovations guided by the concept analysis framework developed by Wilson (1969). Although attention in the literature of implementation science has arisen in a few decades, there is a need to identify a concrete definition to capture the essential elements in the concept of nursing innovations sustainability. This paper will present the connotative definitions and attributes, operational definition, antecedents, consequences, exemplar cases, contributes to nursing science andRead MoreNurs e Mentoring Concept Analysis Response996 Words   |  4 Pagesconcepts in the nursing profession are words that describe a variable of nursing practice (2014, pg. 50). Concepts, once defined, are used in research to test hypotheses that will increase knowledge and theory development. However, concept definitions change with time and context. Therefore, it is important to thoroughly and succinctly define concepts within an analysis for a meaningful application. Mentoring in nursing practice has been thought of as a beneficial way of increasing nursing knowledge forRead MoreDoctoral Education For Advanced Nursing Practice760 Words   |  4 PagesThe American Association of Colleges for Nurses [AACN], (2006) in The Essentials of Doctoral Education for Advanced Nursing Practice Essential II: Organizational and Systems Leadership for Quality Improvement and Systems Thinking, affirms advanced nursing practice (APN) includes an organizational and systems leadership component that emphasizes practice, ongoing improvement of health outcomes, and ensuring patient safety. APNs should be prepared with sophisticated expertise in assessing organizationsRead MoreApplication Of Concept Analysis For Clinical Practice1414 Words   |  6 PagesAnalysis† by Ms. Sarah Smith. The article’s purpose is to deduce the use of Rodgers’ evolutionary method and how it pertains to nursing. The article states that nurse competence is not a desti nation but rather a journey that gets longer the more you learn (Smith, 2012). This article establishes that, by obtaining many viewpoints and integrating them into one and developing it, nursing will be able to create an all-encompassing definition of competence. Method of Analysis The method of analysis used in theRead MoreNursing Theory Concept Analysis : Nursing Theories1357 Words   |  6 PagesNursing Theory Concept Analysis Introduction With the numerous nursing theories that have been established throughout the profession, it has become empirical for nursing professionals to be able to sort through the various concepts and critically analyze the significance for individual practice as well as the profession of nursing as a whole. Nursing theories should be analyzed and investigated for the value before acceptance just as new ideas are reviewed prior to implementation into practice.

Thursday, December 19, 2019

Kennedy Doctrine - 1168 Words

The Cold War and U.S. Diplomacy James Cantrell POL 300- International Problems May 16, 2013 Professor Mark A. Stallo, Ph.D. During John F. Kennedy’s presidency the United States was seriously concerned with stopping the spread of communism throughout the world and there where hot spots that sparked the Kennedy administrations attention. Containment was the United States foreign policy doctrine that proclaimed that the Soviet Union needed to be contained to prevent the spread of communism throughout the world. This containment policy meant that the United States needed to fight communism abroad and promote democracy worldwide. During President Kennedy’s time in office he was faced with the Bay of Pigs Invasion of 1961, the Berlin†¦show more content†¦The Cuban Missile Crisis was to be President Kennedy’s greatest moments of his Flexible Response Doctrine. On October 14, 1962, a U-2 reconnaissance plane got a photograph of evidence of the missiles in western Cuba. President Kennedy met with his advisors in secret for several days to discuss the issue at hand. The president dec ided to place a naval blockade, or a ring of ships, around Cuba to prevent the Soviets from bringing in more supplies, and demanded the removal of the missiles already there and the destruction of the sites. [JFK in History: Cuban Missile Crisis (n.d.)]. The public was informed of the building crisis on October 22, 1962 while the world held its breath for what was to come next. The possibility of a nuclear war loomed over the U.S. and Soviet Union. If Khrushchev wouldn’t order the removal of the missiles then Kennedy was ready to launch an all out attack on the Soviet Union and Cuba. On October 24, 1962 all of the Soviet ships that were headed to Cuba turned back from the blockade except for one. This put the United States on alert for war. Kennedy received a letter from Khrushchev that proposed the removal of the missiles if the President would publicly announce that the United States would never invade Cuba. After a U-2 plane was shot down over Cuba on October 27, 1962 and on the same day another U-2Show MoreRelatedKennedy Doctrine3116 Words   |  13 PagesThe Kennedy Doctrine refers to foreign policy initiatives of the 35th President of the United States, John Fitzgerald Kennedy, towards Latin America during his term in office between 1961 and 1963. Kennedy voiced support for the containment of Communism and the reversal of Communist progress in the Western Hemisphere. The Kennedy Doctrine was essentially an expansion of the foreign policy prerogatives of the previous administrations of Dwight D. Eisenhower and Harry S. Truman. The foreign policiesRead MoreLyndon B Johnson and the Kennedy Doctrine1029 Words   |  4 Pagesvice-president was taking over for President Kennedy, who had recently been assassinated. Kennedys foreign policy largely revolved around the Kennedy Doctrine, which was a continuation of the doctrine of preceding presidents Dwight Eisenhower and Harry Truman, both of who were committed to the containment of communism while propagating the capitalist economic system that the U.S. was known for. The Kennedy Doctrine, however, was considered slightly distinct from the doctrines of the other two presidents becauseRead MoreEssay about Foreign Policy - Roosevelt Corollary1109 Words   |  5 PagesThe Roosevelt Corollary greatly affected American foreign policy. It was in sharp contrast to the Monroe Doctrine, put in place to stop fo reign intervention with the American continents. In 1823 President Monroe implemented US policy that stated European powers were not allowed to colonize or interfere with the newly budding United States or the Americas. In 1904 President Roosevelt expanded upon this policy in response to European intervention with Latin America. This policy became known asRead MoreIn the 1969 case of Red Lion Broadcasting Co. v. FCC, Red Lion Broadcasting challenged the fairness900 Words   |  4 PagesIn the 1969 case of Red Lion Broadcasting Co. v. FCC, Red Lion Broadcasting challenged the fairness doctrine that the Federal Communication Commission imposed on them in relation to a specific broadcast. Red Lion Broadcasting Co. aired that program on November 27, 1964, which included a personal attack on one author Fred J. Cook. Red Lion Broadcasting Co. refused to give Fred J. Cook his requested free time on air for rebuttal. As a result, the FCC supported Cook and ordered the radio station toRe ad MoreAnalysis of Naomi Klein’s book, The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism1683 Words   |  7 PagesThe term the Shock Doctrine was created by journalist Naomi Klein in her book The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism which refers to the idea that economic liberalists formed an entire industry take advantage of disasters such as natural disasters or military coups and privatize everything they can get their hands on. The name of this industry is the Disaster Capitalism Complex and it is comprised of the corporations and organizations that see recently shocked areas as ripe for the emplacementRead MoreMonroe Doctrine Essay1777 Words   |  8 Pageswould be handle from this point forward. It addressed European nations in particular and stated that â€Å"the United States would not tolerate further colonization or puppet nations† The Monroe Doctrine was initially designed to protect the Latin colonies but later President Theodore Roosevelt extended the Doctrine to include the United States would be the policing powers of the Western Hemisphere, this became known as the Roosevelt Corollary. Roosevelt stated that the United States had a â€Å"morale mandate†Read MoreEvolution of the Monroe Doctrine Essay2572 Words   |  11 Pagespower in any other light than as the manifestation of an unfriendly disposition towards the United States.† The Monroe Doctrine The foreign policy objectives of the United States have changed drastically throughout the nation’s history. Old ideologies and policies have been abandoned and forgotten as America’s role in the global arena has developed. However, the Monroe Doctrine is an example of American foreign policy that has remained influential since its initiation shortly after America’s conceptionRead MoreThe Presidential Election For The Presidency Of The United States1425 Words   |  6 Pages(CITE). After winning his second term as president, Ronald Reagan established what is now known as â€Å"The Reagan Doctrine,† which provided support, both financially and militarily, for anti-communist fighters throughout Africa, Asia and Latin America (CITE).   The policy’s goal was to eliminate tyrannical governments and promote individual liberties, freedom, and democracy. The Reagan doctrine became the centerpiece of the Reagan administration by successfully stopping the Soviet Union from spreadingRead MorePresidential Doctrines Essay1051 Words   |  5 PagesRunning head: PRESIDENTIAL DOCTRINES Presidential Doctrines: President Kennedy and the Communist Expansion Abstract The Kennedy Doctrine was essentially an expansion of the foreign policy of the previous administrations of Dwight D. Eisenhower and Harry S. Truman, The Eisenhower doctrine focused providing both military and economic assistance to nations resisting communism and increasing trade from the U.S. to Latin America and the Truman doctrine focused on containment of communism by providingRead MoreThe War Of The Civil Rights Movement1476 Words   |  6 Pageshe ended the Korean War, CIA-sponsored coups in Iran and Guatemala, and Eisenhower Doctrine in the Middle East. He ended the Korean War by telling the South Korean government if they do not accept the armistice, he would withdraw all American forces from the peninsula. In Iran and Guatemala the coups were sent there for the purpose to install pro-American governments. On January 4, 1957 the Eisenhower Doctrine was proposed for a middle eastern country can request american aid from U.S. military

Wednesday, December 11, 2019

The Power of Words Essay Sample free essay sample

How work forces foremost learnt to contrive words. is unknown ; in other words. the beginning of linguistic communication is a enigma. All we truly know is that work forces. unlike animate beings. someway invented certain sounds to show ideas and feelings. actions and things. So that they could pass on them to each other ; and that. subsequently. they agreed upon certain marks. called letters. which could be com ­bined to stand for those sounds. and which could be written down. These sounds. whether spoken. or written in letters. we call words. A word. so. is merely a sound. or the written mark of a sound. which work forces of any peculiar state have agreed shall intend a certain thing. action. feeling or idea. How can such mere marks have any power? Well. of class. it is non the mark itself that has power. but the thing it stands for. A foreign word which has no significance for us. We will write a custom essay sample on The Power of Words Essay Sample or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page can hold no power over us ; but the significance of many words of our linguistic communication have the power to bestir in us the passions of fright. love. hatred. choler. desire. shame. joy and sorrow. For illustration. the word â€Å"Fire! † shouted in a crowded theater. will set the whole audience into a terror ; the word â€Å"home† will convey cryings to the eyes of an expatriate ; the word â€Å"freedom† will bestir a subjected people to revolution ; the word â€Å"death† will chill the bravest bosom. To name a adult male a â€Å"coward† will do him crimson for shame. or bestir him to a blazing of incensed choler ; to state him a loved one is â€Å"dead† . will make full him with sorrow ; to state a hapless adult male he is â€Å"rich† . will make full him with joy. And there are words for which work forces have died. such as â€Å"fatherland† . â€Å"king† . and â€Å"faith† . The power of words. so. prevarications in their associations the things they bring up before our heads. Wordss become filled with significance for us by experience ; and the longer we live. the more certain words recall to us the sword lily and sad events of our yesteryear ; and the more we read and learn. the more the figure of words that mean something to us additions. Great authors are those who non merely have great ideas but who express these ideas in words which appeal strongly to our heads and emotions. This charming and stating usage of words is what we call literary manner. Above all. the existent poet is a maestro of words. He can convey his significance in words which sing like music. and which by their place and association can travel work forces to cryings. Wordss are alive. As clip passes they are born. turn to full adulthood. and dice. And they change morally. Some that began as common words become great and baronial in intending. like â€Å"reli ­gion† . that originally meant a â€Å"bond† . And some guiltless words become debauched ; for illustration. a â€Å"villain† originally meant merely a husbandman. and â€Å"knave† meant merely a boy-servant. â€Å"Damn† meant at first merely to reprobate. And words. like coins. acquire worn and rubbed with usage. boulder clay they lose their true significance and go weak and uneffective ; for illustration. â€Å"nice† meant originally delicacy. delicate. all right. while now it means about anything. We should hence take our words carefully and utilize them accurately. or they will do our address silly and vulgar.

Tuesday, December 3, 2019

Transtheoretical Model in Sedentary Lifestyle Interventions free essay sample

Despite the social, health, and personal benefits of exercising, many people still choose not to exercise. 60% of the population is inadequately active or completely inactive (2). Traditional methods of prescribing exercise have not proven effective for increasing and maintaining a program of regular physical activity. Despite many recent technical breakthroughs in healthcare, human behavior remains the largest source of variance in health-related outcomes. Trainers, coaches, and public health employees all want to know how to get through to people who are deemed â€Å"couch potatoes† and don’t seem to have any motivation to change their lifestyle choices. People’s health and well being are robustly affected by lifestyle factors such as smoking, hygiene, diet, and physical activity (4). Even though this population knows exercise is the medicine they desperately need there are several barriers to beginning and maintaining a change in fitness commitment such as lack of social support, inclement weather, disruptions in routine, lack of access to facilities, and dislike of vigorous exercise (2). We will write a custom essay sample on Transtheoretical Model in Sedentary Lifestyle Interventions or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Understanding these underlying issues for resisting change can help to develop intervention programs for populations who are inactive or inadequately inactive according to public health recommendations. Outside of the hospital setting most health care interventions are highly dependent on the patient following their doctors’ orders and buying into the treatment plan. A significant problem is patients not being ready for change and being unable to follow prescribed changes or recommended behaviors over time, thus returning to the doctor time after time for the same issues. The good news is that help for the patient, client, or employee who is not ready for a behavior change is possible through understanding when and what motivational message to use with them. For those patients who are far from integrating a traditional high intensity workout intervention plan into their lives, a moderate-intensity activity plan integrated with the assistance of counseling to integrate this into their daily lives can have significant health benefits and could aid public health efforts to reduce the prevalence of sedentary lifestyles. This means that health care professionals who are counseling their patients about physical activity can provide options beyond traditional fitness center–based recommendations. The question is how does a coach know when and in what way to counsel patients in a manner that will meet them at their level of readiness to change. The transtheoretical model of change argues that individuals progress through stages of change and that movement across the stages is cyclic rather than linear, because many people do not succeed in their efforts at establishing and maintaining lifestyle changes (5). According to this theory at different times a person may be in a different stage of change motivation and therefore different intervention techniques would be more effective to use with them. Utilizing the transtheoretical model, behavior change can be maximized by matching the coach’s motivational message to patients or clients readiness to exercise. When this model is implemented in a health intervention it can be called an individually adapted health behavior change program or a lifestyle change program. In the Journal of American Medical Association, Dunn et al (2), presents a study of comparison of lifestyle and structured interventions to increase physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness. The study compared results at 6, 18 and 24 months of a lifestyle based intervention based on the participants readiness of change stage and the structured intervention consisting of a regular workout regiment. The lifestyle change group had no membership to a gym and would meet weekly for group activities and counseling sessions. The population groups in this study were fairly healthy yet sedentary individuals. The results showed very similar results between the two groups. At six months the structured group had a slightly higher peak of physical ability but the lifestyle group had also made significant improvements from the baseline. At 24 months the lifestyle group had stayed close to their peak level of fitness and dropped significantly less than the structured workout group. The novel finding is that this approach is as effective in producing beneficial changes in physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness, blood pressure, and body composition as the traditional structured approach (2). The results of this study show how a lifestyle based fitness intervention program can have significant results comparable to a structured workout and can even be maintained better over the long term. Most people are not ready to go into change right away. The effectiveness of the lifestyle change intervention based on the transtheoretical model is good news for the population who is not able or ready to adopt and maintain a structured workout program. There is a series of five stages of change in the transtheoretical model that unfolds as a process over time. It is useful for health care workers to be able to diagnose which stage of change a person is in and then be able to tailor a motivational strategy of change for them. If you are working with an individual client, you can begin by asking if he or she engages in exercise in accordance with the American College of Sports Medicine guidelines (an accumulated weekly total of at least 150 minutes of moderate exercise or 75 minutes of vigorous exercise or some equivalent combination) (3). Responses from among the following options will determine his or her stage of change: No, and I do not intend to in the next 6 months; No, but I intend to in the next 6 months; No, but I intend to in the next 30 days; Yes, I have been for less than 6 months; or Yes, I have been for more than 6 months (3). The five stages of the Transtheoretical Model are: one; pre-contemplation (not yet ready for change), two; contemplation (getting ready for change), three; Preparation (ready for change), four; action (actively making change), and five; maintenance (adhering to their behavior changes over time) (5). In pre-contemplation stage (not yet ready), the individual has no realistic thoughts of actually exercising or making behavior changes within the foreseeable future. They have often not been exposed to or don’t realize the weight of the benefits of adopting the behavior. They may also be thinking of all the cons involved with the behavior change. Individuals in this stage will often be defensive, demoralized, or in denial. This stage of lack of readiness to change is not to be confused with a lack of desire to change. The desire is in there and a person in this stage needs to realize the benefits involved for them. Asking the clients â€Å"What’s in it for them? † and â€Å"How will they benefit from exercising regularly? † will help them to build up the benefits in their mind. Moving to the next stage of change happens when the client realizes this change will make them healthier, improve their well-being, help them feel more confidant, make them stronger, and inspire others to be more active. The second stage of the transtheoretical model is contemplation (getting ready) (5). This category of people is intending to change or start exercising new behaviors within the next half year. They have become aware of the benefits involved in their prescribed change but are also acutely aware of the cons and drawbacks of their change. Confidence and commitment must be instilled in this group in order to be able to adopt regular exercise. This can be done by comparing the growing list of pros against the cons on the patients mind. For example you may ask, â€Å"How does finding the time to exercise compare to the time you could be adding to your life by actually exercising? † (3). The third stage of the transtheoretical model is preparation (ready) (5). Participants at this stage are ready to start taking action within the next 30 days. They take small steps that they believe can help them make the healthy behavior a part of their lives. For example, they tell their friends and family that they want to change their behavior. During this stage, participants are encouraged to seek support from friends they trust, tell people about their plan to change the way they act, and think about how they would feel if they behaved in a healthier way. Their number one concern is—when they act, will they fail? They learn that the better prepared they are the more likely they are to keep progressing. The fourth stage of the transtheoretical model is action. Participants at this stage have changed their behavior within the last 6 months, and need to work hard to keep moving ahead. These participants need to learn how to strengthen their commitments to change and to fight urges to slip back. Strategies taught here include substituting activities related to the unhealthy behavior with positive ones, rewarding themselves for taking steps toward changing, and avoiding people and situations that tempt them to behave in unhealthy ways. The fifth stage of the transtheoretical model is maintenance (5). Participants at this stage changed their behavior more than 6 months ago. It is important for people in this stage to be aware of situations that may tempt them to slip back into doing the unhealthy behavior—particularly stressful situations. Participants here learn to seek support from and talk with people they trust, spend time with people who behave in healthy ways, and remember to engage in alternative activities to cope with stress instead of relying on unhealthy behavior. Individually adapted lifestyle behavior change programs to increase physical activity teach behavioral skills to help participants incorporate physical activity into their daily routines. The programs are tailored to each individual’s specific interests, preferences, and readiness for change. These programs teach behavioral skills such as goal-setting and self-monitoring of progress toward those goals, building social support for new behaviors, behavioral reinforcement through self-reward and positive self-talk, structured problem solving to maintain the behavior change and prevention of relapse into sedentary behavior (1). Different strategies of motivation are most effective at different stages of change. Understanding what stage of change a patient is in will cater to the most effective intervention strategy being used on them. This paper reviewed the effectiveness of lifestyle change interventions based on the transtheoretical model and showed it to be as effective as traditional structured workout interventions on sedentary lifestyles. This is good news for the population who has previously been deemed unchangeable couch potatoes. The idea of success can be redefined to accept a change from one level of change to the next. Moving from pre-contemplation to the ready phase is a huge accomplishment that should not be overlooked.